Prison is Not Only a Place

December 21, 2010 § Leave a comment

Prison is also a spiritual condition.  And, I am concerned that all the well-meaning movements to change legislation and expose conditions don’t emphasize this nearly enough.

It is easy to communicate what we can “see.”  The walls, the bars, the frisk, the food, the bedding, the garb, the CO’s, the laws.  It is not nearly as easy to translate the everlasting feelings one is left with after having their freedom and identity severed.

I’m thankful there are people who care and want to change the prison industrial complex.  But, these things still focus so squarely on lengthy articles/essays and qualitative/quantitative research to inform.  Not only does this continue the disspatialized understanding society already has on so may crucial subjects, but it disregards the individual spirit that has been incarcerated and left to wonder if they ever really existed.

I have to do a lot of reading in my research for this project, and the element I see most frequently in my readings are numbers and quotes supporting or countering one methodology, theory or whatnot.  The individuals providing the information are lost in the data sets as are the readers.   Those inside are quoted and their voices edited to fit the purpose of the essay, the book, or the point being made.

Prisoners are not data.  The internal prison condition cannot be understood when edited or categorized.

What is lacking horribly, probably because it takes more time than most want to invest, is turning up the volume of that inner voice.  We talk about education, re-entry, recidivism and living conditions, but we rarely acknowledge the one thing that affects all of these others.  The spirit of the people they apply to.

With that said, my project has taken a formidable turn.  The name will change and my goal will change.   The blog will change.  It’s all taking shape now, with help from some very experienced individuals.

I introduce the first of many first-hand voices of value:

  • From Corrections to College: The Value of a Convict’s Voice by Leyva, Martin and Christopher Bickel (2010); Western Criminology Review 11(1):50-60.
  • Abstract: The rise in mass incarceration has been accompanied by an abandonment of first-hand, in-depth accounts of crime and incarceration. Too few criminologists have stepped foot inside a prison, let alone served time within its walls. Situated within a growing movement of convict criminology, this article provides a first-hand account of the abuse convicts often experience in the home, the streets, and later in prison. Breaking from the traditional scholarly format, this autobiographical article not only highlights the importance of a convict’s voice, but also calls on criminologists to move beyond official data sources and crime reports to a more in-depth exploration of complex lives of the incarcerated and formerly incarcerated.

“M” – Message from the Inside #2

December 10, 2010 § Leave a comment

Hi,

You will find that the plight of many, such as me, are not looked upon with great empathy.  You remeber me telling you about my brother-in-law—he is very connected in the Washington arena—and he has been very frank—“Joe six-pack” does not give a damn about us—and he will not give  a damn until he realizes that this is costing him—out of pocket–long-term, as most leave prison broke and without any resources—one reason what I wrote you about is such an important deal–as it can be used to bring forth to the public—the needs and what can be accomplished.
I should be medically cleared to go back to a level 2 within a week or so—then I am hoping to get back to the camp soon.  Let me know when you get the letter—please be
careful as to responses–as I do not want anyone to get the wrong idea.

Let me know–love, M

Why take on a project as big as NPJP?

December 7, 2010 § Leave a comment

I’ve forgotten to tell you WHY I am pursuing this project!  There are many reasons, but here is one to much on.

On Monday, November 22, 2010, I had the honor of dropping off a very special person in my life to serve her federal prison sentence.  Thankfully,she is an incarcerated mother pretty her close to home (she has two young children).  She asked me a question that was tremendous, once you really think about the question…

“If those planes had hit a prison full of people on 9/11, do you think there would have been the same reaction?  Would those families get compensation for their loss?”

I know the questions was hypothetical, but at the same time, it really wasn’t.  She wanted me to say that people would still care about this wholly forgotten portion of our society.  And it tore me up inside that I could not give her more than “their friends and family would have cared, but with the way prisons and prisoners are portrayed on the whole, I’m really not sure.”

She was also acknowledging a decrease in her self-esteem, her self-worth and her value to society.  Where and how did she (and the majority of people not intimately associated with a loved one in the prison system) get this acute idea that once convicted they are worth less?  It’s obvious she felt these feelings of stigma and mental incarceration long before she ever physically started her prison term.

Then the question is, how much deeper does this feeling go once the convicted get inside of those walls?

This experience is only one piece, but reflects many very powerful intangible issues associated with conviction, sentencing and incarceration.  Issues that, if not addressed, lead to nothing good.

Addressing these internal issues is the goal of NPJP.

Doing Time on the Outside by Donald Braman

December 7, 2010 § Leave a comment

For the Family section of the journal I have contacted Prof. Donald Braman of George Washington University Law School.  His book Doing Time on the Outside: Incarceration and Family Life in Urban America will hopefully be a starting point for the type of stories for the Family section.  (I’m trying to think of another name.)

As with Prof. Henry Jenkins, I have asked for permission to reprint/excerpt his book and other writings.  These requests surround the draft copy I am pulling together along with the first edition, after which a tremendous response is expected and an equally tremendous amount of material. I anticipate the “outside” audience to be a little slower in coming to the fold, which is why these ubiquitous accounts, already in print, are so valuable.

From Amazon.com: 

In the tradition of the best-selling ethnographies No Shame in My Game by Katherine Newman and Sidewalk by Mitchell Duneier, Doing Time on the Outside tells the other side of the incarceration saga: the little-told story of the effects of imprisonment on the families of the prisoners.
Since 1970 the incarceration rate in the U.S. has more than tripled, and in many cities — urban centers such as Washington, D.C. — it has increased over five-fold. Today, one out of every ten adult black men in the District is in prison. This has caused a deep rupture in the lives of the prisoners and their families.
Author Donald Braman shows that doing time on the inside has a ripple effect on the outside — one that reaches far beyond the individual prisoner and deep into the family itself. Braman offers wrenching personal stories of the ordeals families face when one of their members is imprisoned. Citing major examples such as lost income and delayed parenting opportunities, he also uncovers seemingly innocuous details that nevertheless have a cumulatively adverse effect; for example, the onerously large phone bills that often result when a family member goes to prison.
This ground-breaking ethnography of modern urban America reveals a genuinely new argument: how misguided the commonly accepted ideas about supposed pride in prison time really are. Moreover, Braman brings to light the darker side of a system that is failing not only its criminals, but their families, too. Finally, the author argues that prisoners themselves must take more responsibility for their lives, as well as for their families.

“M” – Message from the Inside #1

December 6, 2010 § Leave a comment

I received this message today from a dear friend of mine.  We will be working on project for the women who leave our prison system to have employment.  Although the National Prison Journal Project is for all prisoners, we cannot underestimate the need of more specific initiatives respecting the different needs of men and women behind bars.

My dear, 

I am here due to a medical issue—I have been at the Camp in Lexington—you will have a good laugh when I tell you why I left Danbury.  Ms. R nearly lost her baby—as we were exposed to truly lethal doses of toxic mold—I was taken to NY, then here.   I have about 36 months until I am out—I want to have much in place before that—so I will advise you as to the persons working on the project and what can be done.  You will not mind if I were to “pimp” you out—we can truly do some real good for these women—trust me it is worse than you can believe.

I will try to write you soon–and will e-mail—-I am weak –had surgery – got a horrible infection, re-operated on two weeks later—left with open wound from my belly-button to my crotch–.  Been on antibiotic drips—etc. and lots of medicine–am healing and truly being given good care.  Okay–lots more to tell you—take care.
Love,  M

Bureau of Justice Statistics – This will be a huge undertaking!

December 5, 2010 § 1 Comment

According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)

There are several distinct sub-populations of prisoners, inmates, etc. within the entire system.  NPJP aims to reach all of them.  But, then I wonder, would it be better to reach the population of a particular sentence length?

Then I go back to the long conversation with myself, every time I broach this subject of target audience.  “Something we print may be read by someone affect someone as powerfully with a 1 day sentence as it may  with someone serving 100 years.”

So I go back to reaching the entire federal prisoner, state prisoner and county prison population.  What an undertaking!

Now onto the STATS I’m currently looking at:

The Bureau of Justice Statistics maintains several collections to compile data on prisoners and prison facilities using administrative records maintained by the each state’s department of corrections and the Federal Bureau of Prisons and personal interviews with inmates in state and federal prisons… State and federal prisoner populations differ from the jail inmate population in terms of conviction status, offense distribution, and average length of stay. The federal prisoner population is also unique from the state prisoner population, most notably in the offense distribution. Similarly, prison facilities differ from local jail facilities in average size, treatment and programming resources, and crowding, among other characteristics.

Using information gathered from these data series, BJS regularly publishes reports and tables of prison population counts, prisoner characteristics, facility characteristics, capital punishment, deaths, and assorted special topics, such as recidivism, substance abuse and treatment, mental health, education, and incarcerated parents.

Summary findings

Latest statistics:

State and federal prisoners –

State and federal prison facilities –

  • From June 30, 2000, to December 30, 2005, the number of state and federal correctional facilities increased by 9%, from 1,668 to 1,821. The number of inmates held in these facilities increased by 10%, while the number of correctional employees rose 3% (Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 2005)
  • Private correctional facilities (up 151) accounted for nearly all of the increase in the number of adult correctional facilities between June 30, 2000, and December 30, 2005. Most of the growth in private correctional facilities during this period was in facilities under contract to the Federal Bureau of Prisons (Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 2005.)

This information brings up much more to be considered:

  • The fluidity of the population – how many issues will be sent to a facility.  People are released, apprehended, voluntarily surrendering and escaping everyday.
  • The sharing tendency among the prison population – often magazines and papers pass through multiple prisoner hands, prison units and sometimes sit in a “public” library.  These leave the opportunity to send in fewer issues with the belief that they will be circulated via a natural process.
  • 1.6 million is a lot of people. The race, class and education distribution can vary greatly. How do we develop content that will appeal across these lines?  Do we want a journal that does that or one that does not fear to address particulate issues that may endanger it in some institutions? An example is found here: Banned in Texas Prisons:  Books…
  • Nearly 2,000 correctional facilities with a mixture of government and private management could also prove an interesting undertaking.  But I’m wondering if as a private journal with the intention to educate the populations will ease many barriers that have fallen other papers that purposely feed the divisions the current penal thought culture.
  • NON PRISON POPULATION. It is equally as important to reach these people.  They are the lawyers defending and prosecuting.  They are the wives, husbands, partners, children and other family members left behind.  They are the judges sentencing.  They are the politicians advocating both sides.  They are the researchers dreaming of more access to a broader spectrum the prison population.  They are the academics that write on about the incarcerated, who would be able to write TO them.  They are the ex-offenders that can ease the anxiety of not knowing what re-entry will really bring by sharing their experiences on a vast scale.

NPJP is about bringing the marvelous efforts of the many individuals and organizations out there helping a few at a time to the entire population.  So often we hear stories about people we wish we could have reached out to, with a message that would have really helped them.  NPJP’s goal of a national prison journal is like being in front of an anxious audience of 2 million strong waiting to hear your message.

Where Am I?

You are currently browsing the The People category at My National Prison Journal Project.

%d bloggers like this: